[49], The Loire Valley has a high density of vine plantings with an average of 4,000–5,000 vines per hectare (1,600–2,000 per acre). Fishing just downstream of the road bridge, Beaugency, France The Loire valley attracts tourists from around the world who come to enjoy the food, sunshine and, above all, the chateaux. Mein Frankreich – was bedeutet das für euch? Loire has a population, in 2014, of 757,305, for a population density of 158.4 inhabitants/km 2. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Loire River in höchster Qualität. River flow is particularly high in the river area near Roanne and Vichy up to the confluence with the Allier. [1], The Loire Valley, in particular, enjoys a pleasant temperate climate. Many translated example sentences containing "the river Loire" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Unsere lieben […]. Die bemerkenswerten Schlösser von Chambord, Chenonceau, Sully-sur-Loire, Angers oder Nantes zählen zu den 22 bemerkenswerten Schlössern des Val de Loire. It was also a dumping ground for prisoners in the War in the Vendee since they thought it was a more effective way of killing. [11] The Romans used the Loire as far as Roanne, around 150 km (93 mi) downriver from the source. This was followed by aesthetically built châteaux (to also function as residential units), which substituted the quadrangular layout of the keep. Prüfe Deinen Posteingang oder Spam-Ordner, um Dein Abonnement zu bestätigen. The Crémant de Loire which refers to any sparkling wine made according to the traditional method of Champagne. The estuary and its shoreline are also important for fishing, shellfish farming and tourism. [30], Its main tributaries include the rivers Maine, Nièvre and the Erdre on its right bank, and the rivers Allier, Cher, Indre, Vienne, and the Sèvre Nantaise on the left bank. La source de la Loire, by Gustave Courbet. When the French kings began constructing their huge châteaux here, the nobility, not wanting or even daring to be far from the seat of power, followed suit. [48], The châteaux, numbering more than three hundred, represent a nation of builders starting with the necessary castle fortifications in the 10th century to the splendour of those built half a millennium later. Some Sancerre vineyards have as many as 10,000 plants per hectare. During the harvest months rain can cause the grapes to be harvested under ripe but can also aid in the development of Botrytis cinerea for the region's dessert wines. The Loire, the river’s history. The second-longest tributary, the 372 km (231 mi) Vienne, joins the Loire at Candes-Saint-Martin at 47°12′45″N 0°4′31″E / 47.21250°N 0.07528°E / 47.21250; 0.07528, followed by the 367.5 km (228.4 mi) Cher, which joins the Loire near Cinq-Mars-la-Pile at 47°20′33″N 0°28′49″E / 47.34250°N 0.48028°E / 47.34250; 0.48028 and the 287 km (178 mi) Indre, which joins the Loire near Néman at 47°14′2″N 0°11′0″E / 47.23389°N 0.18333°E / 47.23389; 0.18333. 45-PPRI.svg 843 × 597; 1.12 MB. In 1477, the first printing press in France was established in Angers, and around this time the Chateau de Langeais and Chateau de Montsoreau were built. [14] The English defeated the French in 1356 and Aquitaine came under English control in 1360. vormittags The human history of the Loire river valley is thought by some to begin with the Middle Palaeolithic period of 90–40 kya (thousand years ago), followed by modern humans (about 30 kya), succeeded by the Neolithic period (6,000 to 4,500 BC), all of the recent Stone Age in Europe. 45-TRI.svg 843 × 597; 6.07 MB. These works, with groynes and submersible embankments, survive and contribute to the limited navigability under present-day conditions. The Loire Valley is the 3rd most touristy destination in France. For other uses, see, The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes, Château féodal de Saint-Maurice-sur-Loire, Château de Montsoreau-Museum of Contemporary Art, "Fiche cours d'eau - la Loire (----0000)", Navigation details for 80 French rivers and canals, Waterways In Western Loire – Free Online Travel Brochure, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Loire&oldid=998812770, Articles containing Occitan (post 1500)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2011, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Was defeated by England. [11] From the 3rd century, Christianity spread through the river basin, and many religious figures began cultivating vineyards along the river banks.[11]. [42] That year, the Upper Loire Valley Farmers Association was also established through a partnership between SOS Loire Vivante and a farmers’ union to promote sustainable rural tourism. [citation needed] Modern man inhabited the Loire valley around 30 ka. Es folgen: Tipps für Bars und Boutiquen, Erlebnissen für Familien, Paare oder Alleinreisende.Wer mag, kann ihn hier*  direkt bestellen. Doch das Neue bildet mit dem Alten spannungsreiche Kontraste. [11] Neanderthal man used stone tools to fashion boats out of tree trunks and navigated the river. It joins the river Sarthe in Briollay, north of the city of Angers. The most common species are the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), sea trout (Salmo trutta), shads (Alosa alosa and Alosa fallax), sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) European river lamprey (Lampetra fluviatilis) and smelt (Osmerus eperlanus). Their total mass is low when the river flow exceeds 800 m3/s (28,000 cu ft/s) and become significant at flows of 300 m3/s (11,000 cu ft/s) or lower which occur in summer. Und manchmal auch mitten in der Loire! La Loire à Vélo. Gleich zu Beginn geben wir unsere Insider-Tipps für Frankreich preis: vom größten Flohmarkt Europas in Lille bis zur Schwimmen in der Piscine Olympique in Montpellier. La Loire est le plus long fleuve de France . • Marché, quai du Roi, 130 Lebensmittelhändler, Sa. Today, these privately owned châteaux serve as homes, a few open their doors to tourist visits, while others are operated as hotels or bed and breakfasts. The great Loire salmon, a subspecies of Atlantic salmon, is regarded as the symbolic fish of the river. 0. route reviews. All Major Brands. Sätze. Le Mans, Vendôme, Orleans, Châteaudun (195 miles) This is a very relaxing ride mainly through the French countryside and at times along the banks of the Loire. Plan a trip. Und seit dem Kunstprojekt L’Estuaire immer wieder auch überraschende und außergewöhnliche Kunst, die am Ufer zu finden ist. Pine, oak, and beech trees grow in the Loire Valley. Wie Umweltschützer die einmalige Naturlandschaft der Loire bewahrten, erzählte im Studio 4 des SWR Prof. Dr. Emil Dister vom WWF-Aueninstitut in Karlsruhe. The major commercial port at Nantes has caused severe damage to the ecosystem of the Loire estuary. In 1700 the port of Nantes numbered more inland waterway craft than any other port in France, testifying to the historic importance of navigation on France’s longest river. The massif of Vendée rises in the south. Die Top Ten für Nantes Alt trifft neu „Donnerwetter! The tidal stretch of the river extends to a length of 60 km (37 mi) and a width of 3 km (1.9 mi), which has oil refineries, the port of Saint-Nazaire and 40,000 hectares (99,000 acres) of wetland whose formation is dated to 7500 BC (caused by inundation by sea waters on the northern bank of the estuary), and the beaches of Le Croisic and La Baule along the coastline. Greeks introduced vines. The Loire Valley (French: Vallée de la Loire, pronounced [vale də la lwaʁ]), spanning 280 kilometres (170 mi), is a valley located in the middle stretch of the Loire river in central France, in both the administrative regions Pays de la Loire and Centre-Val de Loire.The area of the Loire Valley comprises about 800 square kilometres (310 sq mi). By the 5th century, the flourishing viticulture of the area was noted in a publication by the poet Sidonius Apollinaris. Die Sendung war ein Erlebnis. Overview. [1] The lower course of the river is characterized by wetlands and fens, which are of major importance to conservation, given that they form unique habitats for migratory birds.[1]. The Vin de Pays du Jardin de la France refers to any varietally labelled wine, such as Chardonnay, that is produced in the region outside of an AOC designation. [11] By 600 BC the Loire had already become a very important trading route between the Celts and the Greeks. A key transportation route, it served as one of the great "highways" of France for over 2000 years. This masterpiece of Renaissance architecture features all the refinement, elegance and grace expected of a Loire château. Oder doch wieder in der Crêperie La Guillemette einkehre und die Rillettes de Mulet probiere. [42] As a result, the WWF and other NGOs established the Loire Vivante (Living Loire) network in 1988 to oppose this and arranged an initial meeting with the French Minister of the Environment. As of 2017[update], the following sections are navigable: The French language adjective ligérien is derived from the name of the Loire, as in le climat ligérien ("the climate of the Loire Valley"). Hilke. The Loire at Montsoreau, J. M. W. Turner, 1832, Château de Montsoreau-Museum of Contemporary Art. This style was perpetuated during the reign of Louis XVI (1774–92) but with more refinements; one such refined château seen close to Angers is the Château de Montgeoffroy. [32] The most serious floods occurred in 1856, 1866 and 1911. Alle Hintergrundinformationen zu Frankreich und seinen Menschen findet ihr unter Fakten, Menschen & News. Whereas the total biomass is low in the upper reaches, the biodiversity is high, with more than 250 taxa at Orléans. Loire Cycle Route Loire-Radweg {m}biketravelTrVocab. There are many fruit trees near the Atlantic Coast of the river. Wie oft, verraten am Dorfeingang und auf dem Kirchplatz Schiefersteine, auf denen alle Hochwasser seit 1904 verzeichnet sind. The Neoclassical architectural style, was a revival of Classical style of architecture, which emerged in the mid 18th century; one such notable structure is the Château de Menars built by Jacques Ange Gabriel (1698–1782) who was the royal architect in the court of Louis XV (1715–74). The Atlantic coast is home to several aquatic herbs, the important species is Salicornia, which is used as a culinary ingredient on account of its diuretic value. The coastal zone shows hard dark stones, granite, schist and thick soil mantle.[30]. This charming 3-star hotel is on the banks of the Loire River and offers 11 personalized rooms complete with air conditioning, free Wi-Fi access and flat-screen TV. The Villerest dam, built in 1985 a few kilometres (a few miles) south of Roanne,[33] has played a key-role in preventing recent flooding. Unlike most other rivers in western Europe, there are very few dams or locks creating obstacles to its natural flow. Warum die Großstadt an beiden Ufern der Loire indes einst als  „Venedig Frankreichs“ berühmt war, ist heute kaum zu ahnen, seitdem die Nebenarme von Loire und Erdre unter Asphalt verschwanden, Autoabgase die leichte Brise vom nahen Atlantik überdecken. Loire River ~ Template:Loire River; ... Digoin (France), le pont canal depuis les quais de la Loire.jpg 7,360 × 4,912; 22.75 MB. Diesmal stellt Ute Neufeldt-Nehe ihr Frankreich […], Wer jetzt ein wenig Sonne und Sommer braucht: Träumt euch nach … Menton, die letzte Perle Frankreichs an der Riviera. Merci! Ancient Wooden Bridge pilings - Pilgrims crossed the Loire here in 15th Century - panoramio.jpg 1,600 × 1,200; 281 KB. [1] In the middle section of the river in the Loire Valley, numerous dikes built between the 12th and 19th century exist, providing mitigation against flooding. Sie gibt den Blick frei auf Öltanks, Hafenanlagen und dutzende hölzerne Fischerhütten auf Stelzen, mit denen seit Jahrhunderten junge Lachse aus dem Fluss gezogen werden. [42], The WWF, BirdLife International, and local conservation bodies have also made considerable efforts to improve the conservation of the Loire estuary and its surroundings, given that they are unique habitats for migrating birds. With more vines competing for the same limited resources in the soil, the density is designed to compensate for the excessive yields that some of the grape varieties, like Chenin blanc, are prone to have. Als hauptberufliche Journalistin fühle ich mich einem Journalismus verpflichtet, der ehrlich, unabhängig und unparteiisch ist. The lower-central swathe of its valley straddling the Pays de la Loire and Centre-Val de Loire regions was added to the World Heritage Sites list of UNESCO on December 2, 2000. Und danach überlege, ob ich zur Guinguette La Croisette marschiere und dort etwas esse und trinke. The region experiences a rainfall of 690 mm (27.2 in) along the coast and 648 mm (25.5 in) inland. [17][18], In the 1530s, the Reformation ideas reached the Loire valley, with some people becoming Protestant. Vendome is one of the main towns along the Loir with a population approaching 20k. Medien in der Kategorie „Loire River“ Folgende 35 Dateien sind in dieser Kategorie, von 35 insgesamt. Loire River Cruises. Mehr als 400 Burgen und Schlösser säumen im Burgund, in Centre und im Pays de la Loire ihren Lauf, 44 von ihnen zeigt der Park Mini-Châteaux Val de Loire in Amboise im Maßstab 1: 25. “Wilde Schön­heit Loire – Frank­reichs längs­ter Strom”: Unter diesem Motto stellten Dennis Wilms und Birgit König in ihrer Sendung Planet Wissen am 28. 45-SPC.svg 722 × 845; 321 KB. 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